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EMMF: Making a Difference in Nigeria

Overview

 

 

NIGERIA, ITS PEOPLE AND THEIR NEEDS

 

An Opportunity for Episcopal Medical Missions Foundation

 

SITE VISIT AND NEEDS ASSESSMENT - JANUARY 13-22, 2000

 

THOMAS E. WILLIAMS, MD, FAAP    PEGGY WILLIAMS, RNC (Public Health)

 

Location:

On the coast of West Africa, on the Gulf of Guinea

Area: 

356,669 sq. mi. (923,770 sq. km.)

Population (1999 est.)

113 million; Africa’s most populous nation also has the largest black population in the world.

Urbanization (1985):

28%

Annual population gain: 

2.92%

Infant mortality rate (1999):

69.5 deaths/1,000 live births

Ethnic Groups: 

250 to 400 or more recognized groups, many divided into subgroups of considerable social and political importance.  Most important ethnolinguistic categories:  Hausa and Fulani in north, Yoruba in southwest, and Igbo in southeast.  Other major groups: Kanuri, Ibibio, Tiv, and Ijaw.

Religions:

Muslims 50% (chiefly adherents of Sunni Islam)

 

Christians 40%

 

Indigenous Religions 10%

Languages: 

English is the official language used in government, large-scale business, mass media, and education beyond primary school.  Several other languages recognized for primary education.  Classical Arabic of religious significance in the north.

Literacy (1995 est):

57%.  Primary education (six years) is compulsory.

Economy: 

The Gross National Product (GNP) was $106 billion in 1998.  Per capita income was $960 in 1998 (est).   Agriculture represents 40% of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP).  Cash crops include cocoa, palm oil, rubber, cotton, and peanuts.   Manufacturing constitutes 10% of GDP and includes food products, textiles, cement, building materials, footwear, chemical products, ceramics, and small appliances.  Exports are cocoa and petroleum.  Nigeria is the world’s sixth largest oil exporter.

 

 

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